1. It took thousands of years for the human population to reach 1 billion, but only about 130 years to reach 2 billion. What are the main reasons for this change in growth rate? (2 marks) 2. Investigate how the education of females has contributed to lower birth rates in developing countries. Present your findings, with examples, in a half page report. You may wish to use graphs or charts to help explain your point of view. (5 marks) The Rapid Increase in Global Population: Causes and Effects

The Rapid Increase in Global Population: Causes and Effects

In the modern era, the world’s population has seen a drastic increase in growth. While it took thousands of years for the human population to reach 1 billion, it only took about 130 years for the population to reach 2 billion (Lutz et al., 2016). This rapid growth can be attributed to a few key factors. Firstly, the development of new medical technologies has been a major contributor to population growth. The introduction of antibiotics, vaccines, and other medical interventions has significantly decreased mortality rates, allowing more people to live longer lives (Lutz et al., 2016). Additionally, medical technologies have enabled improved maternal and child health care, thus leading to a decrease in infant mortality and a subsequent increase in population size (Lutz et al., 2016). Secondly, technological advancements have allowed for increased agricultural production and improved access to food sources. This, in turn, has led to higher population growth due to improved nutrition and decreased. Cont…

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