Multiple choices 1. Which of these is a difference between DNA and RNA? There is more than one correct answer. DNA is usually single-stranded while RNA is usually double-stranded. The deoxyribose in DNA lacks an O atom, while the ribose in RNA has an O atom. DNA has U while RNA has T. You can make a double helix with RNA, but not with DNA . The deoxyribose in DNA has an O atom, while the ribose in RNA lacks an O atom. DNA has T while RNA has U. 2. Put these
View complete question Multiple choices 1. Which of these is a difference between DNA and RNA? There is more than one correct answer. DNA is usually single-stranded while RNA is usually double-stranded. The deoxyribose in DNA lacks an O atom, while the ribose in RNA has an O atom. DNA has U while RNA has T. You can make a double helix with RNA, but not with DNA . The deoxyribose in DNA has an O atom, while the ribose in RNA lacks an O atom. DNA has T while RNA has U. 2. Put these level of organization of the DNA in a chromosome in order from simplest to most complex. 1 2 3 4 5 1. Nucleosomes coiled into a chromatin fiber. 2. More condensation of chromatin. 3. DNA wrapped around histone 4. DNA double helix. 5. Duplicated chromosome. 3. Match the enzyme on the left with its function on the right. Helicase DNA polymerase Primase DNA ligase 1. Seals former Okizaki fragments on the lagging strand. 2. Adds DNA nucleotides in a 5 to 3 direction 3. Adds RNA primers to show where the DNA polymerase needs to add bases 4. unzips the DNA strand by breaking hydrogen bonds. 5. After lying on Jacksonville Beach for some time, your DNA will need to use__________ repair, while during ordinary checks for DNA accuracy, the body uses ___________ repair. 6. If we are duplicating this DNA strand: 3' A T G C T A C G A A G C 5' Its complementary bases are [x]. 7. During transcription, given this DNA strand: 3' A G G C T A A G C C A T 5' What is the correct sequence of RNA bases used to make an mRNA? 8. All of these are mechanisms of eukaryotic RNA processing except: The placement of a 3' cap. The placement of a 5' cap. The placing of a poly A tail. The splicing of introns. 9. Put these steps of finding a suspect using biotechnology in the right order. 1 2 3 4 1. Collect blood sample 2. PCR 3. Gel electrophoresis 4. DNA extraction 10. Match the mechanism for evolution on the left with an example on the right. Natural selection genetic drift Gene flow Mutation 1. A change in the DNA turns people with healthy hemoglobin into those with sickles-cell anemia. 2. We colonize mars 3. Snowbirds migrate north during the summer and south during winter. 4. In medium ground finches, the beak depth increased as a drought continued. 11. Match the evidence for evolution on the left with its example on the right. Fossils Anatomical Biogeography Molecular biology 1. Due to paleontological data, whales evolved from land animals. 2. You have a vestigial organ like wisdom teeth. 3. A chimpanzee is more similar in its DNA to humans than to dogs. 4. The Protacea family of flowers are only found in the Southern Hemisphere. 12. Match the idea of speciation on the left with its example on the right. Dispersal Vicariance Adaptive radiation Allopatry Sympatry 1. The Mexican spotted owl diverged from the Northern spotted owl possibly due to glacial movement. 2. The Hawaiian honeycreeper evolves into a group of new species. 3. We colonize the moon. 4. Alloploidy happens in wheat, tobacco, and cotton. 5. A river floods so badly that millipedes cannot mate with each other. 13. Match the argument on the left that counters the misconception about evolution on the right. Intelligent design should be taught in public schools alongside evolution by natural selection. Evolution explains the origin of life. Evolution is just a theory , or a guess. Individuals evolve. Evolution is a controversial among scientist. 1. A scientific theory is a hypothesis that is supported by many experiments, not just a guess. 2. Populations evolve. Individuals acclimate. 3. Chemistry explains the origin of life. 4. 97% of 2500 scientists agree with the Theory of Evolution 5. Evolution is silent about the existence of a supernatural world. Therefore, it should be taught in public schools, and not intelligent design. 14. Before endosymbiosis can happen, there needs to be an exchange of resources. What exchange of resources most likely happened between a cell and its first chloroplasts? 1. Protection and starting materials for energy in the form of glucose 2. Protection and starting materials for energy in the form of starch 3. Protection ad starting materials for energy in the form of ATP 4. Protection and starting materials for energy in the form of a protein. 15. What is the difference between a Trypanosome and a Plasmodium? A Typanosome lives outside red blood cells, while a Plasmodium lives inside red blood cells. A Trypanosome is smaller than a Plasmodium. A Typanosome lacks a tail or flagellum, while a Plasmodium has a tail or flagellum. A Typanosome lives inside red blood cells, while a Plasmodium lives outside red blood cells. 16. If a bacterium makes a copy of itself each day, how many bacteria would be in a colony in 10 days, starting with one cell? 17. Which of these taxa lack perforated septae? Ascomycota Basidiomycota Zygomycota Chytridiomycota 18. A fungus is mainly a: predator herbivore parasite saprobe 19. The vegetative body of a fugus is a ________. Unicellular fungi are_______. The vegetative stage of a fungus is made of ______ connected to each other to form a ______. 20. Will Smith's life cycle is: alternation of generations haplodiplontic diplontic haplontic 21. Contrast a sporophyte with a gametophyte. A sporophyte shoots out gametes while a gametophyte shoots out spores. A sporophyte is a multicellular haploid organism while a gametophyte is a multicellular diploid organism. A sporophyte is always a tree while a gametophyte is always a moss. A sporophyte is a multicellular diploid organism while a gametophyte is a multicellular haploid organism. 22. In tobacco farming, farmers cut off the apical meristem at a certain point of the plant's growth. Why? To force the plant to grow using lateral meristems, and thereby make bigger leaves. To force the plant to grow using lateral meristems, and thereby cause the plant to not make any leaves. To force the plant to grow using lateral meristems, and thereby make smaller leaves. To force the plant to grow using lateral meristems, and thereby make oddly-shaped leaves. 23. Which two (2) of these are non-vascular plants? quillworts spike mosses gymnosperms liverworts club mosses mosses 24. Which of these divisions of non-vascular plants have lobate, flat thalli? Marchantiophyta Angiosperma Antherocerophyta Bryophyta 25. Which is a structure that contains the sporangia in vascular plants? Hint: we see cones on pine trees. strobilus xylem sporophyll phloem 26. Which of the following eventually produces pollen, which lands on cars in NE Florida during February and March? microsporocyte ovulate cones megasporocyte antheridia 27. Match the divisions of gymnosperms on the left with their descriptions on the right. Gnetopytes Gingophyte Conifers Cycads 1. Some of these produce ephedrine, a powerful decongestant. 2. Some produce enormous female cones and are often mistake for palms. 3. Species that live in Northeast Florida include the slash pine, the longleaf pine, and the sand pine. 4. Endures high air pollution. 28. If you see a plant with parallel veined leaves, like a grass, that has six (6) flowers, then most likely it is a(n) ______________________. 29. The magnolia tree shown here is a: basal angiosperm Nymphaeales Nelumbo Piperales 30. Why does an angiosperm need two(2) sperm cells to fertilize eggs in ovaries? One sperm hits one egg and becomes an embryo, while the second sperm hits two eggs and makes endosperm. One sperm hits one egg and becomes an endosperm, while the second sperm hits two eggs and makes a cotyledon. One sperm hits one egg and becomes an endosperm, while the second sperm hits two eggs and makes an embryo. Two sperm hits one egg and becomes an endosperm. 31. This photo of Beyonce illustrates what kind of body symmetry? asymmetric pentaradial bilateral radial 32. diploblast : triploblast :: jellyfish : cow human : medusa dog : hydra cat : polyp 33.Butterfly is an example of a(n): coelomate eucoeolmate acoelomate pseudocoelomate 34. choanocyte : amoebocyte :: chef : waiter dishwasher : chef chef : maitre d' waiter : chef 35. How does a sponge reproduce sexually? hermaphroditism with gemmules fragmentation budding 36. Coral reefs are dying in amazing amounts due to global climate change. What class of cnidarian is a coral? Scyphozoa Hydrozoa Cubozoa Anthozoa 37. Which two of these are acceptable methodologies for applying first aid to a jellyfish sting? stay in the jellyfish-infested waters pour fresh water onto the wound defecate on the wound put a bandaid on the wound urinate on the wound pour vinegar onto the wound 38. Which of these classes of Platyhelminthes (flatworms) is free living? Cestoda Monogenea Turbellaria Trematoda 39. How are nematodes and arthropods similar? Both have teeth in their mouths. Both have wings. Both are monoecious. Both use chitin in their outer coverings. 40. Which of these subphyla of arthropods have cephalothoraxes? crustacea Myriapoda chelicerata Arachnida Hexapoda Trilobitomorpha 41. Which of these classes of Mollusks makes pearls? Scyphozoa Cephalopoda Bivalvia Gastropoda 42. Which of these classes of Mollusks makes pearls? Scyphozoa Cephalopoda Bivalvia Gastropoda 43. Urine comes from what organ in an Annelid? metanephridium chaetae ventral nerve cord intestine 44. Which of these fish clades features jawless animals? Osteichthyes Actinopterygii Chondrichthyes Pteromyzidae 45. Which of these endangered species found only in Florida is an arthropod? Everglades kite Gopher tortoise Florida scrub jay Black Creek crayfish 46. 1.25 butterflies / m2 is an example of a: population density population size life table quadrat 56. Suppose you are estimating the size of a blue crab population. What is the population size if the number marked in the first catch is 40, the total number in the second catch is 200, and the number marked in the second catch is 50? 47. The pine trees in the picture are slash pines. Slash pines also grow at Cecil Center North of FSCJ. These pines are the same distance apart. What is the species distribution of the slash pines at Cecil Center North? uniform clumped random irregular 48. If a country has 1,000,000 people surviving between the ages of 1-6, 200,000 people surviving until the ages of 7-13, 100,000 people surviving until the ages of 14-20, 50,000 survivors between 21-40 years old, 25,000 survivors between 41 and 60, and 5,000 survivors at ages 61-100, what survivorship curve do these data most resemble? Type III Type II Type I Type IV 49. If the birth rate of a population of dolphins is 2.0, the death rate is 0.5, and the population size is 100, what is this dolphin's population growth? 50. If the major food source of seals declines due to an increased amount of oceanic plastic, which of the following would most likely occur? The population's K and N would decrease. The population's K would increase and its N would decrease. The population's K would decrease, but its N would increase. The population's N would decrease, but its birth rate would increase, resulting in N staying the same. 51. Contrast density-dependent and density-independent population growth factors. Predation is a density-dependent factor while the amount of sunlight is a density-independent factor. The amount of sunlight is a density-dependent factor while parasitism is a density-independent factor. Predation is a density-dependent factor while mutualism is a density-independent factor. The amount of water is a density-dependent factor while the amount of sunlight is a density-independent factor. 52. Humans' global population growth rate since 1000 CE or AD is: exponential logistic gradually increasing gradually decreasing 53. If two species are grown together, and one species increases in population, while the other species decreases in population, this is evidence for what? competitive exclusion mutualis commensalism neutralism 54. Pollination of this flower by this bee represents what type of symbiosis? mutualism commensalism parasitism Neutralism 55. Pollination of this flower by this bee represents what type of symbiosis? mutualism commensalism parasitism neutralism 56. Contrast species richness with relative species abundance. Species richness is the number of species in a given area, whereas relative species abundance is one species' population divided by the total individuals in a given area. Relative species abundance is the number of species in a given area, whereas species richness is one species' population divided by the total individuals in a given area. Species richness is the number of species in a given area, whereas relative species abundance is one species' population multiplied by the total individuals in a given area. Species richness is the number of species in a given area, whereas relative species abundance is one species' population subtracted from the total individuals in a given area. 57. Which of these would be considered a foundation species in Florida? coral alligator Florida panthe West Indian manatee
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