Annotated BibliographY AND LITERATURE REVIEW BLDG 3164 Capstone Industry Research 1 Prepared

Annotated BibliographY AND LITERATURE REVIEW
BLDG 3164
Capstone Industry Research 1
Prepared for:
Professors Nichols, Regmi, Karanxha, Orman
Prepared by:
Alessandro Nania
Angelo DelZotto School of Construction Management
Centre for Construction and Engineering Technologies
George Brown College
December 14, 2021
Contents
Research Title: 1
Research Description: 1
Research Objectives: 1
PART 1: Annotated Bibliography 1
Source 1 1
Source 2 2
Source 3 2
Source 4 3
Source 5 3
Source 6 4
Source 7 4
Source 8 5
Source 9 5
Source 10 6
PART 2: Literature Review 6
Research Title: 6
Research Background 6
Research Objectives 7
Literature Review 7
References 9
Research Title:
4D Scheduling: A Visualization tool for Construction Field Operations
Research Description:
The selected topic is suitable for the construction industry as it is involved to provide details of how 4D visualization tools is effective for the construction operations. Over past decades, the digital technologies are implemented for streamlining the construction processes. It is included the construction processes such as 3D models, BIM, model based estimation as well as scheduling. Those 4D technique helps the construction business to improve its productivity, reduce waste plus improve the sustainability efforts. $D simulation is one of the latest technologies that helps to improve the field operations on construction site.
Research Objectives:
Determine the ways that 4D scheduling has helped the construction industry, and how it can be advanced in the future.
Identify best ways to stimulate a modern construction site with the use of 4D scheduling.
Determining how and in what other areas 4D scheduling can be advanced in construction.
How can 4D scheduling allow for a more productive construction site, and how it has influenced other trades viewing the 4D schedule?
PART 1: Annotated Bibliography
Source 1
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Basu, A. (2007). 4D Scheduling – A Case Study. AACE International Transactions, 12.112.6.
Content Summary:
 The article provides details on the concept of 4D scheduling for large construction program. The aim of this paper is to help the non-technical construction staffs to visualize scope of the design as well as construction and phase of the building program. It is required to understand contexts of 4D scheduling which provides with digital representation of the building process to assist the exchange as well as information in the digital format. 4D scheduling is 3D CAD model used for visualization, pre-construction work and construction planning processes.
Method of Investigation:
Case Study for the software is used to link the schedule outcomes from the scheduling software packages such as primavera as well as Microsoft project to CAD elements for producing 4D schedules.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 This paper is useful to discover 3D CAD model for the purpose of logistics planning, study of the construction site line and identifying the lessons learned from 4D scheduling initiatives.
Source 2
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Kim, H., Anderson, K., Lee, S., & Hildreth, J. (2013). Generating construction schedules through automatic data extraction using open BIM (building information modeling) technology. Automation in Construction, 35, 285–295.
Content Summary:
 The architecture as well as construction industry has rapid technical advancements over last decades, mainly in area of the building information modeling (BIM). BIM stores the information of the building and it is to be leveraged for existing applications included generation of the quantity takeoffs. The main aim of this article is establishing the framework for automation of the construction schedules. A prototype system is to be developed for importing BIM representations with the building elements like floors, ceilings, windows and others. Through BIM creation, it designs building elements; the user will define the construction zone prior to the construction area.
Method of Investigation:
Case study method which involves simple building geometry as well as applies construction methods to generate the building construction configurations.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 The paper is relevance to the article paper by addressing issues in the framework to generate the schedules, sequence of rules based on BIM are mentioned in this particular article.
Source 3
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Mazars, T., & Francis, A. (2020). Chronographical spatiotemporal dynamic 4D planning. Automation in Construction, 112.
Content Summary:
The article reflects on the BIM models those are developed for the designing perspectives. Over past decades, BIM model is used for stimulation of the construction processes. Simulation is showing work sequences with an aim to correct the conflicts in the project planning as well as optimize the construction work site.
Method of Investigation:
This is a case study of the chronological scheduling process is used as method to validate the results through simulation. There is demonstration of the solutions by integration of the spatial management to 4D simulation.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 This paper is useful as 4D simulation shows sequence with an aim to correct the planning errors, executing the conflicts as well as serving aid in optimization of the construction worksite.
Source 4
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Jupp, J. (2017). 4D BIM for environmental planning and management. Procedia engineering, 180, 190-201.
Content Summary:
 In this article, the study determines 4D building information modeling (BIM) to improve the construction planning, scheduling plus production controlling and onsite management of the safety and waste. There is an increasing usage of the 4D BIM in the construction to highlight opportunities for using the abilities in the digital management system. Even the construction industry is using 4D BIM to improve the communication as well as information flow through management activities.
Method of Investigation:
Case study of the life cycle assessment method is used to benchmark and analysis to assess the environmental effects linked with the stages of the product’s life.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 The paper is relevant to my study as 4D modeling as well as analysis technology is combined with the structured workflows as basis to develop framework for the planning in addition management.
Source 5
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Tallgren, M. V., Roupé, M., & Johansson, M. (2021). 4D modelling using virtual collaborative planning and scheduling. Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), 26(42), 763-782.
Content Summary:
 BIM is opening innovative opportunities to make sure that there is efficient communication as well as shared understanding among the stakeholders in the construction project. The benefits are found in the 4D simulations of schedule. The study shows that 4D simulation combined with 3D models with project schedule that can allow the stakeholders in visualizing construction phases in the virtual environments.
Method of Investigation:
 Case study of the 4D collaborative planning and scheduling method, allows visualizing the schedule in 3D space. The user puts efforts after creating of schedule for producing 4D simulations during linking with schedule.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 The paper is relevant as it aims to analyze how collaborative planning as well as scheduling approaches is presented from traditional 4d modeling approaches. Collaborative planning as well as scheduling process is to be implemented in the production planning system.
Source 6
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Guo, H., Yu, Y., & Skitmore, M. (2017). Visualization technology-based construction safety management: A review. Automation in Construction, 73, 135-144.
Content Summary:
 The study reflects on the construction safety management that is popular research study as well as practices because of the accidents as well as death rates within construction business. Complexity at the construction sites makes safety management complicated to execute in the construction industry. Visualization technology improves the safety management by aiding of the safety training along with on-site safety monitoring.
Method of Investigation:
Case study of types of visualization technology involved with BIM, virtual prototyping, virtual construction, and virtual reality. It is the visual database that is used for static analysis as well as construction processes.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 The paper is relevant to make safety management difficult to implement for the construction industry. At the construction sites, the worksite safety management is an organization wide processes designed for managing the safety risks in the workplace.
Source 7
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Martínez-Aires, M. D., López-Alonso, M., & Martínez-Rojas, M. (2018). Building information modeling and safety management: A systematic review. Safety science, 101, 11-18.
Content Summary:
  BIM technology is assisted with various construction management activities, and the adoption of BIM incorporates various aspects of the design information needed at each stage of project lifecycle. Even implications of BIM are collaboration of the team members related to adoption of positive financial impacts.
Method of Investigation:
Case study of the technologies as well as construction procedures are developed in this article to provide new ways to enhance the safety management through the project lifecycle. It helps in identification of the human errors plus prevents the construction accidents.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 BIM as well as its applications are contributed to the safety management. This technology provides with significant role to improve the efficiency of the business.
Source 8
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Magill, L. J., Jafarifar, N., Watson, A., & Omotayo, T. (2020). 4D BIM integrated construction supply chain logistics to optimise on-site production. International journal of construction management, 1-10.
Content Summary:
Loss of the productivity through the on-site delays plus disruptions is issues within the construction industry. There is required for the construction industry to improve the logistics efficiencies of the materials plus equipment from the manufacture. The study is focused to increase an understanding of problems of 4D BIM to realize the construction phase. BIM is the processes as well as technologies that are being facilitated by the digital machine about the building work.
Method of Investigation:
Live project site case study is analyzed to assess implementation of the 4D BIM with the operational projects. There is identification of the drivers along with barriers align with the construction elements using integrated 4D BIM.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
 The study is relevant to facilitate the performance of the construction project by means of 4D BIM. It leads to visualize the holistic approaches for the pre-construction planning. There is optimization of the materials plus equipments to eliminate production downtime.
Source 9
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Torres-Calderon, W., Chi, Y., Amer, F., & Golparvar-Fard, M. (2019). Automated mining of construction schedules for easy and quick assembly of 4D BIM simulations. In Computing in Civil Engineering 2019: Visualization, Information Modeling, and Simulation (pp. 432-438). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers.
Content Summary:
 The study reflects on the benefits of 4D building information modeling for the purpose of optimization of the construction planning as well as scheduling. 4D BIM outlasts pre-construction phases while there is value linked with usage of the 4D BIM through the construction phase.
Method of Investigation:
The study reflects on the machine learning method that parses details of the construction schedule, assembling of the work structure as well as maps each of the project activity in 3D BIM elements.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
This article is selected as construction schedules for quick assembly of 4D BIM helps in conflict detection, improved the delivery time as well as cost savings. There is also improvement of the quality of the construction work.
Source 10
APA Bibliographic Citation:
 Hasan, A. N., & Rasheed, S. M. (2019). The benefits of and challenges to implement 5D BIM in construction industry. Civil Engineering Journal, 5(2), 412.
Content Summary:
 As the construction sector is suffering from poor quality, and communication, then it causes delay in the completion time of the project. Estimation of cost along with time is the critical processes in the construction management. BIM is used for automation of the construction processes in short time as well as proper estimation.
Method of Investigation:
Down up approaches are adopted for the research to encourage progress of research from various to general. Questionnaires are designed for development of BIM adoption in the construction industry.
Relevance/Usefulness to My Paper:
4D BIM model is used for designing and construction stages, and at the design stage, it will enable to leverage a greater value by visualization of the construction phases to develop sequence in the construction documents.
PART 2: Literature Review
Research Title:
4D Scheduling: A Visualization tool for Construction Field Operations
Research Background
The study reflects on the value producing facts of BIM technology on virtual designing as well as coordination sectors of the construction industry. This literature review section provides with depth understanding of 4D scheduling tool to assist in sequencing as well as implementing the field operations of the construction industry to increase in business productivity. The benefits of 4D scheduling visualization tool helps in successful adoption of 4D application in the construction field (Basu, 2007). The results of the analysis are transparency to the sequencing of the production, visualizing trades as well as movement of the equipment with understanding of the constraints related to site plus schedule. Usage of 4D BIM is a method that can increase the business values by increasing efficiency of the field operations. 4D visualization is the main function of the construction schedule and it is listed as one of the functions of BIM with maximum attentiveness of sole relations in relative to lean values. The study also discusses on the major trends in the 4D applications like modeling of product, visualization in addition process modeling. Both product modeling as well as visualization is the trends that can cover various applications like delivering product data to the clients (Kim et al., 2013). It is accessible to the technical expertise and easily understandable for the construction professionals attempting to collect the information from model. Usage of 4D BIM and visualization are providing technological outputs such as increase in transparency as well as increase in output of the business values through realization of client reflections.
Research Objectives
Determine the ways that 4D scheduling has helped the construction industry, and how it can be advanced in the future.
Identify best ways to stimulate a modern construction site with the use of 4D scheduling.
Determining how and in what other areas 4D scheduling can be advanced in construction.
How can 4D scheduling allow for a more productive construction site, and how it has influenced other trades viewing the 4D schedule?
Literature Review
According to Jupp (2017), 4D models are accomplished in the construction planning as well as scheduling activities. It is useful for team member collaboration with the construction staffs. 4D allows simulation in addition interaction with the construction sequences throughout graphic display devices. 4D provides the planners with an ability to improve the construction sequences identify the schedule conflicts, manage the professionals as well as construction work like formwork, cranes and others. Mazars and Francis (2020) mentioned that 4D scheduling tool ensures that all the construction works are applied effectively and there is no possibility of any conflicts. Hasan and Rasheed (2019) concluded that 4D visualization tool helps in development of the contingency plans to handle the project delays in the material releases and deal with unavailability of the building resources. Feedback is taken from the construction professionals to design team providing outcome from 4D model reviews can lead to eagerly constructible, operable as well as maintainable project.
According to Tallgren, Roupé and Johansson (2021), 4D models are connected as well as spatial aspects of the project that can allow the users in viewing the construction procedures, better understanding of the schedule, detection of errors before execution of the construction planning. Guo, Yu and Skitmore (2017) suggested that usage of BIM as well as supporting construction technology continued to grow. The aim of this section is investigating current perception of the construction professionals regards to the benefits as well as barriers to adoption of 4D mode for the site safety of the construction work. Magill et al., (2020) determined that the main benefits of 4D scheduling tool are adding values to the construction industry through visualization as well as efficient interaction of the project outcomes, problems that can positive impacts on the health as well as safety management included site planning. The barriers of 4D scheduling tool included cost of training to the construction staffs, implementation time as well as cultural problems. The study also recommended that education in addition training in BIM is increasing. With key volume of research in BIM as well as 4D modeling for the safety management, it develops an evolving field. 4D model includes synchronization of the graphical model components with the schedule information. It creates with visual construction sequencing procedure. This particular process allows schedule data in visual format. Martínez-Aires, López-Alonso and Martínez-Rojas (2018) mentioned that 4D model allows the construction team to assess logical as well as sequence of construction plan. It provides with an opportunity to explore options to improve the safety on the site and execution of construction work.
Generation of construction project with 4D visualization tool needs an integration of the 3D geometrical model with linked schedule of tasks. This computer based method is included to enhance ability to perform site management functions over various temporal domains. Torres-Calderon et al., (2019) concluded that 4D model provides with detailed site management for the construction managers through building cycles. According to Hasan and Rasheed (2019), if timing of the activity is to be customized graphically on screen, then there is management of the activity to be finished routinely to bar schedule as well as vice versa. Evaluation of the resource needs is updated to get consistency of the construction work. According to Magill et al., (2020), the virtual representation of construction process stimulates activities those are involved through the construction work by means of virtual simulations and virtual reality. According to Mazars and Francis (2020), utilization of model data as well as geometry will allow live safety tracking. This particular procedure involves live data in the model to be utilized for the purpose to track objects, and operations in the construction site. Potential for this involves level of dust, noise and incorporate monitoring by means of sensors as well as tag systems. Guo and Skitmore (2017) argued that digital information modeling software with capability of 4D will enhance ability to see the hazards as well as risks.
References
Basu, A. (2007). 4D Scheduling – A Case Study. AACE International Transactions, 12.112.6.
Guo, H., Yu, Y., & Skitmore, M. (2017). Visualization technology-based construction safety management: A review. Automation in Construction, 73, 135-144.
Hasan, A. N., & Rasheed, S. M. (2019). The benefits of and challenges to implement 5D BIM in construction industry. Civil Engineering Journal, 5(2), 412.
Jupp, J. (2017). 4D BIM for environmental planning and management. Procedia engineering, 180, 190-201.
Kim, H., Anderson, K., Lee, S., & Hildreth, J. (2013). Generating construction schedules through automatic data extraction using open BIM (building information modeling) technology. Automation in Construction, 35, 285–295.
Magill, L. J., Jafarifar, N., Watson, A., & Omotayo, T. (2020). 4D BIM integrated construction supply chain logistics to optimise on-site production. International journal of construction management, 1-10.
Martínez-Aires, M. D., López-Alonso, M., & Martínez-Rojas, M. (2018). Building information modeling and safety management: A systematic review. Safety science, 101, 11-18.
Mazars, T., & Francis, A. (2020). Chronographical spatiotemporal dynamic 4D planning. Automation in Construction, 112.
Tallgren, M. V., Roupé, M., & Johansson, M. (2021). 4D modelling using virtual collaborative planning and scheduling. Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), 26(42), 763-782.
Torres-Calderon, W., Chi, Y., Amer, F., & Golparvar-Fard, M. (2019). Automated mining of construction schedules for easy and quick assembly of 4D BIM simulations. In Computing in Civil Engineering 2019: Visualization, Information Modeling, and Simulation (pp. 432-438). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers.
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