“Approaches to deciding right from wrong tend to fall into one of two large groups: deontological and consequentialist.” a) Give one unquestionable example from each of these groups and explain it. b) Apply each of the two examples you choose, to the issue of how animals, at higher levels and at lower levels on the Sociozoological Scale (Arluk & Sanders), ought to be treated. Deontological and Consequentialist Approaches to Animal Treatment

Deontological and Consequentialist Approaches to Animal Treatment

Deontological and Consequentialist approaches are two major frameworks for determining right from wrong. Deontological approaches hold that the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by the action itself, rather than by its consequences. An example of a deontological approach is Kant’s Categorical Imperative, which states that one should “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant, 2016). This means that one should act in such a way that the same action could be prescribed for everyone, regardless of the consequences. Consequentialist approaches, on the other hand, determine the morality of an action based on its outcome. An example of a consequentialist approach is utilitarianism, which states that one should act in such a way that the greatest good for the greatest number of people is achieved (Mill, 2018). This means that the morality of an action is judged based on the greatest benefit it brings to most people. Cont…

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