Comparing C4 and CAM Plants: A Look at Types of Plants, NADPH and ATP, First Stable Product, and Cells Involved
C4 and CAM plants are two important types of photosynthetic organisms that differ in terms of the way they generate ATP and NADPH for the process of photosynthesis. C4 plants are those that use the C4 pathway, which involves the initial fixation of CO2 into four-carbon molecules (oxaloacetic acid) and then its conversion to three-carbon molecules (malic acid) (Jabeen et al., 2018). In contrast, CAM plants use the Crassulacean acid metabolism pathway (CAM) to fix CO2 at night and store it as malic acid, which is then converted to three-carbon molecules for photosynthesis during the day. In terms of NADPH and ATP, C4 plants use the enzyme PEP carboxylase to fix CO2 into four-carbon molecules, while CAM plants use phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxylase to fix CO2 into three-carbon molecules (Jabeen et al., 2018). C4 plants require more ATP and NADPH than CAM plants do, as they have additional steps in the process of photosynthesis. Additionally, the first stable product of. Cont…
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