Describe DNA replication in detail. Make sure to include the steps, enzymes or cellular components used, starting materials, what results, and any special features. DNA Replication: The Process of Genetic Information Duplication

DNA Replication: A process of copying genetic information
The process of replicating genetic information from one DNA strand to another is DNA replication. It is vital for proper function of all cells and organisms. Replication involves the separation of two DNA doublehelix strands. Each of these strands serves as a template and is used to create a new, double helix. The process can be catalyzed using a variety of enzymes like DNA polymerase (helicase), and ligase. Single strands from the double helix are used as starting material for DNA replication. The double helix is unwound by the Helicase enzyme, which separates the strands. DNA polymerase attaches to the template and then adds nucleotides. These are the building blocks of DNA. Matching the nucleotides is done according to their complementary bases pairs (adenine and thymine, respectively) The ligase enzyme seals the new strand once it has formed. Two identical double helices are formed, one containing the original strand and one containing the newly formed. The process continues until all DNA molecules are replicated. A unique characteristic of DNA replication is that the newly formed strands can form hydrogen bonds to the original strands. This allows for the replication of new strands to be accurate. A second feature of the DNA replication is its high fidelity, which ensures that the new strands look almost identical to their original counterparts (Matsuda, Wu, and others, 2018). Cont…
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