Describe the organization and structure of ATP synthase • Explain the mechanism whereby proton flow through ATP synthase results in ATP synthesis The Organization and Structure of ATP Synthase and Its Role in ATP Synthesis

The Organization and Structure of ATP Synthase and Its Role in ATP Synthesis

ATP synthase is a large, membrane-bound enzyme that functions as a molecular machine, converting energy derived from proton gradients into the production of ATP. It is composed of two components, the F0 subcomplex which is embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane and the F1 subcomplex which is located on the matrix side of the membrane. The F0 subcomplex is composed of c-subunits which form a proton channel across the inner mitochondrial membrane and a ring of a-subunits which make up a rotor. The F1 subcomplex contains a core of alpha and beta subunits around which three gamma, three delta, and one epsilon subunits are arranged (Briggs et al., 2016). The mechanism by which proton flow through ATP synthase results in ATP synthesis is complex. As protons pass through the F0 subcomplex, they cause the rotation of the a-ring which, in turn, causes the rotation of the gamma subunits of the F1 subcomplex (Kurahashi et al., 2021). This rotation of the gamma subunits causes the active site of the alpha and beta subunits to open and close, thus allowing for the binding and hydrolysis of ATP from ADP and Pi. This process is repeated until the required number of ATPs have been synthesized. Cont…..

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more