Differentiate between ionic and covalent bonds. Ionic vs Covalent Bonds

Ionic vs Covalent Bonds

Ionic and covalent bonds are two of the strongest types of chemical bonds. Both are important in chemistry and are the basis of all chemical interactions. Ionic bonds are formed when atoms of opposite charges attract each other, while covalent bonds are formed when atoms share electrons in order to become more stable. While both ionic and covalent bonds are strong, there are several important differences between them (Lonie, 2018). Ionic bonds occur when atoms of opposite charge attract each other. A common example of an ionic bond is that between sodium and chloride in table salt, which is also known as NaCl. The sodium atom gives up one electron, leaving it with a positive charge, while the chlorine atom gains that electron, leaving it with a negative charge. The attraction between these two oppositely charged atoms creates the ionic bond. “Ionic compounds generally have higher melting and boiling points than covalent compounds due to the strong electrostatic forces of attraction between the oppositely charged ions” (Lonie, 2018). Covalent bonds, on the other hand, occur when atoms share electrons in order to become more stable. This occurs when two atoms have similar electronegativities… Cont…

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