Discuss Erikson’s Stages of Development. Give a brief summary of each stage. Discuss the significance of this theory in the nursing profession. Conclusion? Erikson’s Stages Of Development

Erikson claimed that personality develops in a predetermined sequence through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. At each stage, a person is experiencing a psychosocial crisis that can positively or negatively affect personality development (McLeod, 2018). For Erikson (1958, 1963), these crises are psychosocial in nature in that they bring individual psychological needs (i.e. psychological needs) into conflict with social needs (i.e. social needs). According to the theory, successful completion of each stage leads to a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues. The basic virtues are the unique strengths of the self that can be used to solve future crises. Failure to successfully complete one stage can lead to a reduced ability to complete other stages, leading to unhealthy personality and self-esteem. However, these stages can be successfully resolved later. Trust and distrust is the first stage of Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. This stage begins at birth and continues until about 18 months. During this stage, children feel insecure about the world in which they live and expect stability and ongoing nurturing from their primary caregivers. Autonomy with shame and doubt is the second stage of Eric Erikson’s psychosocial developmental stage (McLeod, 2018). This stage occurs between 18 months and about 3 years of age. continue…
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