Distinguish the following ecosystems in terms of geographic features, biotic components and ecological processes. a. ocean ecosystem b. estuaries c. coral reefs d. coastal ecosystem Ecosystems


Ocean and estuary ecosystems differ in their geographical features, biotic components, and ecological processes. According to Bi, 2017, the ocean covers approximately 70% of Earth’s surface. There are four zones to it: intertidal neritic oceanic benthic zone, neritic, neritic and intetidal. There are many marine species that live in these areas, including plankton, fish and other marine animals. Salty and temperature vary greatly in different regions of the ocean. Estuaries can be defined as bodies of water where rivers meet the ocean. (Kolar, et al.2020). Semi-enclosed, they are brackish and experience both freshwater and saltwater. Many organisms live in estuaries, including fish, shellfish and birds. Based on how much freshwater is entering an estuary, the temperature and salinity of the water can be affected greatly. Each ecosystem has its own ecological processes. Ocean currents, photosynthesis, upwelling and ocean currents drive the nutrient- and energy cycle in the ocean (Kumar and al. 2020). Cont…

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