Comparing Microcontrollers from the PIC and AVR Families for a System Requiring a Minimum Memory of 26Kb, a Processing Speed of at least 12 MHz, at least 11 Input/Output Bits (Port) and 1 ADC Converter Pin, and a 16-Bit Internal Bus
When selecting a microcontroller for a system that requires a minimum memory of 26Kb, a processing speed of at least 12 MHz, at least 11 input/output bits (port) and 1 ADC converter pin, and a 16-bit internal bus, two microcontrollers that meet the specifications are the PIC24HJ128GP502 from the PIC family and the ATmega2560 from the AVR family. The PIC24HJ128GP502 is a 16-bit family of microcontrollers with an operating voltage of 2.0–3.6V and a maximum clock speed of 32MHz. It features 128Kb of program memory, 16Kb of RAM, 11 I/O ports, and 1 10-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC). It also has a 16-bit internal bus and on-chip hardware peripherals such as a USART, SPI, I2C, and CAN. Additionally, it has an operating temperature range of -40 to +125?C and an extended temperature range of -40 to +150?C, making it suitable for industrial applications (Razvi, 2019). The ATmega2560 is a 16-bit AVR microcontroller with an operating voltage of 1.8–5.5V and a maximum clock speed of 16MHz. It features 256Kb of program memory, 8Kb of RAM, 11 I/O ports, and 8 10-bit analog-to-digital converters (ADC). It also has a 16-bit internal bus and on-chip hardware peripherals such as a USART, SPI, I2C, and CAN. The ATmega2560 also has an operating temperature range of -40 to +85?C, making it suitable for a wide range of applications. Both microcontrollers are suitable for the system, however, the PIC24HJ128GP502 is the. Cont…
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