Research and briefly describe a current incident (within the past year) where an organization was exploited because of a lack in security best practices, updated patches, secure configurations, etc.430DQ2

Briefly describe an incident that occurred within the last year. It should include information about security practices such as updated patches and secure configurations. How can organizations ensure the long-term security of their applications and systems?
A Chinese hacker group known as Hafnium attacked Microsoft in March 2021. The attack caused damage to more than 30,000 US organizations. The attack affected local government, agencies, businesses, as well (Kinzer 2002). Microsoft sent a notification to customers that it believed the threat was directed at Microsoft. However, they did not direct the attack specifically against Microsoft. The group targeted entities in the United States, with the aim of stealing data from many industries. Microsoft was the victim of this hack. Hackers used stolen passwords and vulnerabilities previously unknown on Microsoft Exchange server software to initiate the attack (Kinzer 2002). The vulnerability allowed any user to gain administrator privileges regardless of whether they had access physically or virtually when they signed in. Once this had been completed, adversaries signed into the system and downloaded malware to the system. This produced command-and control proxies that were specifically designed for them. Microsoft should recommend that its customers promptly upgrade all their software to protect against such attacks. Cont…
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