Cyber-Attacks and the Phases of Cyber Operations
Intent, scope and purpose are the main differences between cyber operations and cyber attacks. Cyber-attacks, on the other hand, are unlawful and malicious attacks that target digital infrastructure. The four main phases of cyber operations are reconnaissance, weaponization delivery and exploitation. Reconnaissance involves gathering information digitally about targets. Weaponization allows for the unauthorised manipulation of digital information to make it malicious. Deliveries are the distribution of malware code and files directly to the target. And exploitation is using the code and files in order to start a malicious action. Cyber-attacks have five phases. They include reconnaissance, scanning and gaining access. Reconnaissance is similar to that used in cyber operations. It gathers information on possible targets. Scanners can open ports or networks and gather information to help identify vulnerabilities. To gain access, you must exploit a vulnerability in order to get into the environment. Keeping access unnoticed is often the best way to steal data. Covering tracks refers to hiding evidence or trying to circumvent security protocols. There are two distinct phases to cyber operations. There are important differences in the purpose, scope and intention behind both. Cyber-attacks can cause havoc and may be illegal and malicious, and cyber operations help to achieve a task. According to recent reports, “strict technical security measures and the use of advanced analytics can help identify and mitigate probability of a cyber-attack.”?(Khan, 2021; Vesely, 2015). References Khan, M. (2021, April 21). Cyber Attack: How Cyber Attacks Works (2019). Retrieved June 2, 2021, from https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/us/security/definition/cyber-attack Vesely, C. (2015, October 8). Ransomware attacks: Four steps companies need to take now to protect themselves. Retrieved June 2, 2021, from https://dzone.com/articles/ransomware-attacks-4-steps-companies-need-to-take-noCont…
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