Stop and Frisk

Cease and Frisk


The early Nineties was marked by the aggressive deployment of law enforcement officials in main American cities to cease and search pedestrians. It argued that such an operation was essential to stem escalating violent felony actions (Meares, 2014). Cities like New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago deployed the ‘cease and frisk’ (S&F) coverage. It resulted in quite a few stops and frisks, particularly in minority neighborhoods. The frequency of the S&F made it the anticipated consequence of any police interactions with members of the general public in city areas (Karteron, 2019). As an illustration, greater than 250 000 folks have been subjected to S&F in Chicago between Might and August of 2014 (Karteron, 2019). The identical occurred in different cities, together with New York, which recorded over 685 700 stops yearly in 2011 (Meares, 2014). The intrusiveness of the follow made sparked public outrage. It sparked debates about whether or not African People, Hispanics, and different minorities have been unfairly focused. Large protests have been held in opposition to S&F all through the nation as the topic of race and policing took heart stage.

The appliance of S&F in New York drew essentially the most consideration regardless of the coverage having been launched to stem a spike in homicide circumstances and different violent crimes. The NY police division launched it as a preemptive policing tactic to stop crime. Its implementation was based mostly on the 1968 US Supreme Courtroom resolution within the case of Terry v Ohio. It allowed law enforcement officials the authority to cease and frisk in circumstances the place they’d cheap suspicion to take action. The court docket dominated {that a} police officer may cease and frisk a person if they’d causes to consider, based mostly on their expertise, that an individual was armed or more likely to interact in felony actions (Inbau & Thompson, 1999). Public outrage concerning the racial bias of S&F led to investigations…………..

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