Use the information presented in the module folder along with your readings from the textbook to answer the following questions. 1. What are the different portals of entry for a pathogen to enter the body? 2. Define the following disease categories:1. Endemic -2. Sporadic -3. Epidemic -4. Pandemic -3. Describe the difference between innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Which type of immunity is specific and typically longer lasting? 4. Differentiate between active and passive types of immunity. Which type of immunity is long lasting and which is short lasting? 5. Discuss the five (5) different classes of vaccines used in active immunity. 6. Define and differentiate between hypersensitivity reactions and autoimmune disease. Give an example of hypersensitivity reaction and an example of an autoimmune disease Microbiology Mod 8 Homework

Answer the questions below by using the information from the module folder in conjunction with the readings you have taken from the book. 1. Which are the various entry points for pathogens to enter your body? 2. 1. Endemic -2. Sporadic 3 Epidemic -4. Pandemic: 3. Define the differences between adaptive immunity and innate immunity. What type of immunity is more specific? Which one lasts longer? 4. You can distinguish between passive and active types of immunity. How long-lasting is each type of immunity? 5. Discuss five (5) distinct classes of vaccines that are used to provide active immunity. 6. Make a distinction between hypersensitivity reactions (autoimmune disease) and hypersensitivity reactions. Give an example for a hypersensitivity reaction.
Microbiology Mod 8 Homework
CONTENT
Opportunistic infections only affect those with compromised immune systems. Pathogens are the infectious agents that are known to cause chronic disease. The reservoir refers to an area from which pathogens can easily be spread. This could include animals who have been exposed in their natural environment to the disease (Walker 2016). Transmission describes the way the disease is spread from its reservoir to the patient. For example, contaminated drinking water. While the main routes to entry are through the skin, the lungs, the intestines and the urinary tract, the mucosal, respiratory, and other systems, there are many possible entrances. Pathogens that enter the body can multiply at the point of entry, transmitting disease through the secretion or migration to other tissues and organs via blood or lymphatic arteries. A disease that has a constant presence in one area or group of people is called an Endemic. An endemic disease is one that is permanent but not localized. (AvilaGranados and al., 2019, 2019). The rate at which the disease spreads can be estimated with some precision because of this. Cholera and malaria are two examples of endemic diseases. A disease or infection that is considered endemic in a region is one that is present at all times and/or affects large numbers of people. Hyperendemic is an area where the disease rate remains high for a long time. If a disease appears only occasionally or infrequently, it is called “sporadic”. Cont…
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