Using the South University Online Library or the Internet, research genetic mutations. On the basis of your research, respond to the following: Define a genetic mutation. Analyze and describe the different types of genetic mutations and their effects. Then discuss, in detail, the role played by DNA and RNA in genetic diseases. Assess and describe the breakthroughs, if any, in the treatment and management of genetic diseases. Genetic Mutations

Genetic Mutations
Genetic mutations are permanent changes in an organism’s DNA sequence that can be passed to their offspring. This is caused by a structural change that can alter the DNA sequence of the gene, chromosome or product. Mutations can occur spontaneously or can be induced by exposure to certain environmental agents such as radiation or chemicals (Kumar & Chatterjee, 2019). There are several types of genetic mutants. One-base DNA changes, called point mutations, can lead to single-base modifications in the DNA sequence. This may cause substitutions of amino acids in the protein products. Frameshift mutations can result in the deletion or insertion of a base pair. It may cause misalignment and premature stop codon, as well as a shortened protein product. Chromosomal changes are modifications in the number and structure of chromosomes that can result in a range of genetic disorders (O’Shea, 2019,). It is crucial to understand the role of DNA/RNA in genetic disorders. The production of proteins is a function of DNA and RNA, the basic building blocks of our bodies. Mutations in DNA and RNA may alter the structure or…
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