Prompt: With reference to JUST TWO out of the following a) theology b) philosophy c) science, evaluate the significance of the Muslim encounter with Greek learning in the Near East for the development of Islamic civilization. What contribution did Islamic teachings make in this encounter?
Dimitri Gutas, Greek thought, Arabic culture: the Graeco-Arabic translation movement in Baghdad and early ʻAbbāsid society (2nd-4th/8th-10th centuries) London, 1998.
Majid Fakhry, A History of Islamic Philosophy, New York, 2004
George Saliba, Islamic science and the making of the European Renaissance, Cambridge, Mass. 2007.
Tim Winter, ed., The Cambridge Companion to classical Islamic theology (Chps on Early Kalam and Falsafa (Philosophy))